Few texts have aroused such controversial feelings of adoration and antagonism as those generated by the Apocalypse. Devout Christians believed and still believe that it contains clear messages regarding the future of the world; for many however, it remains an unsolved riddle. Its pervasive influence on letters and thinking is impressive, as its ideas either directly find their way, or insinuate themselves into European literature. The horrible beast with the famous number often gives one the impression that it is still alive, while the four horsemen of the Apocalypse have always played a leading role in the nightmares of Western man. In an age when many ordinary readers feel the need to turn to the secret messages of apocalypticism, the Apocalypse of St. John once again rouses the interest of historians and theologians alike. Straightforward and unbiased reading of the text is impossible, since today we are to a great extent the heirs of the heirs of the Apocalypse and not of the world of the Seven Churches of Asia Minor who first received it. Nevertheless, a historical reading, as the one suggested here by Kyrtatas, based almost solely on the text and the general data available for the period, can overcome many of the erroneous prejudices held by later critics. Although the text may at times disguise a sufficient number of its secrets, it is however revealing and clear on many issues, provided that one can pose the correct questions.